INDH: Goals, Values and Principles
The Goals of the National Initiative for Human Development, launched by His Majesty the King Mohammed VI, may God assist him on May 18th 2005, are fighting against poverty, precariousness and social exclusion through the realization of basic infrastructure projects, training and capacity building, social and cultural animation, sports actions as well as the promotion of income and jobs generating activities.
Due to its originality and innovativeness, the INDH is based on a new philosophy and a new style of management. In this context, the Royal Speech is considered to be the roadmap and the reference focusing on core values namely, the human dignity, the trust of the Moroccans in themselves and the future of their country, the contribution of the concerned population through participatory diagnosis and the declination of the expressed needs into projects.
In addition, the good governance and sustainability are added to these values that strengthen the intelligent democratic governance, and gives the opportunity to all development actors to be heavily involved in public affairs the process of decision-making.
Thus, this initiative was declined, at its First Phase 2005-2010, into four programs to the benefit of different targets:
- The program of fighting against rural poverty: which involved 403 rural communes whose poverty rate is over 30%?
- The program of fighting against social exclusion in urban areas: that was for 264 neighborhoods within large cities (over 100,000 inhabitants)
- The program of fighting against precariousness: (8 categories) in favor of social groups in precarious situations including homeless youth , street children , the elderly poor , etc. .
- The transversal program devoted to non- target communes, based on the appeal to the project.
The Second Phase of the INDH 2011-2015, launched by His Majesty the King Mohammed VI, May God Bless Him at Jerada on June 4th 2011, thereby granting a higher speed than the first phase of the INDH is defined, among other things, a rise of skills and budget witch is now 17 billion dirham, an expansion of targeting to cover 702 rural communes and 532 urban neighborhoods as well as adding a fifth program dedicated to “Leveling Territorial”. With an overall budget of 5 billion DH, this fifth program will directly benefit to 1 million beneficiaries living in Douars 3300 (Rural Agglomeration in the Moroccan country side), within 22 provinces landlocked and mountainous areas, particularly in terms of infrastructure and basic services.
INDH: A positive momentum of locale participative governance:
The INDH is a Moroccan-Moroccan work that brought new modes of public affairs management, by placing people at the heart of national priorities and challenges of democracy and development. Therefore, It must be strongly emphasized that the National Initiative for Human Development has enabled the renewal of public action through the establishment of a new governance based on an inclusive and participatory organizational design.
With a tripartite composition ( Elected , decentralized state services , associative) , the governance of the INDH structures offer space of needs identification , planning , deliberation , consultation and monitoring and evaluation in order to optimize the efforts of various involved parties and then allow convergence likely to promote an integrated local development.
INDH an effective involvement of civil society in all stages of the implementation
This community project is a major advance in accordance with the participatory and partnership approach to development. Proactive and multidimensional, the INDH is based on a decentralized approach that promotes access to decision-making; illustrating a targeted policy and strongly rooted at local level. Indeed, in this deliberative and participatory process, the voluntary sector plays an important role in interaction with elected officials and representatives of the administration.
Talking about the civil society evokes the Highest Royal Will to allow all Moroccans (women and men) to participate individually and collectively in the development challenges. The successful involvement of civil society in the INDH projects reflects the dedication of the culture of participation including through the establishment of governing structures at territorial level. In fact, all projects of the INDH emanate from the population through animation teams belonging to rural communes and urban districts, and which offer local participatory support diagnosis, thus promoting a better expression of needs from the population.
A reagent and rigorous monitoring system:
It is a system that aims to assess the conformity of the results obtained with the stated objectives, measure the impact of projects on the beneficiaries, improve performance and achieve tangible results. Rich in lessons, this system can identify weaknesses before making adjustments through concrete and stringent measures.
The program supported by participatory assessments based on the involvement of the beneficiary population information system, are all mechanisms and tools for monitoring and evaluation that promote regular feedback of information.
To this, is added the external evaluation that favors the promotion of the culture of transparency and accountability through institutional audits conducted by the General Inspection of Territorial Administration (IGAT) and the General Inspection of Finance (IGF) and those carried out by the financial partners of the INDH. Reports are always published annual audits and their results are studied and treated continuously.
Based on tangible data and impact indicators, this system necessarily refers to the ability of all organs of territorial governance and the national coordination of the INDH to achieve the monitoring indicators and performance agreed with foreign partners, a sine qua non for the disbursement of funds.
INDH: A decentralized approach based on the convergence and synergy
The INDH is part of logic complementarity and not as substitution to sectoral programs. In this context, several structural social projects and social activities have emerged in a variety of fields including social, in terms of health, infrastructure, income generating activities and employment, education and training, etc. . . .
Indeed, the implementation of sectoral convergence programs for more effective management of public affairs is a decisive factor for the success of the INDH and for optimal impact on the affected population.
More specifically, the INDH action does not only contribute to the development of new strategic projects and generating revenue, but also to optimize existing resources and means to improve the services offered and the expansion or broadening the scope of the various development actors .
Thus, a real decentralization, strong decentralization and harmonization of methods and tools are important challenges to install convergence and synergy between the various programs.